Category Archives: Natural Disaster

Get Ahead of the Coming Storm

The following article is a guest submission from Carlee about getting prepared for a Hurricane, a timely submission based on the fact that I spent some time last week ensuring that I was prepared for this very type of event.

Get Ahead of the Coming Storm

Years ago hurricanes were storms that only the Deep South had to worry about. Not anymore. Whether or not you believe global warming is real or a political ruse, the fact is the ocean temperatures are increasing. The eastern seaboard and the gulf coast are particularly vulnerable. But with warmer oceans, the threat for damaging hurricanes extends all the way into the Northeast, where places like Vermont have suffered extreme flooding.

Add to the mix the growing population along the coasts and, as we’ve witnessed in recent years, you’ve got a recipe for disaster. I went down to Mississippi after Hurricane Katrina to help with cleanup and witness firsthand the destructive power of a hurricane. To put it mildly, I was awestruck by the devastation. It showed me that natural disasters are nothing to take lightly.

But we can prepare for these storms and ‘weather’ them successfully if we prepare ourselves ahead of time. As preppers, we should never allow ourselves to be caught unaware when Mother Nature throws one of her tantrums. Like any adversarial condition we may face, we should learn about hurricanes now so that if we find ourselves in the path of one, we won’t be unprepared.

Plan Ahead

Make your preparations a family affair. Sit everyone down ahead of time and make sure everyone’s involved. Prepare your plans and make sure everyone understands what to do. Even give your children responsibilities, with the proper oversight. You usually only have a few days at the most to know that a hurricane is barreling down on you, so get organized ahead of time.

photo credit: carobe via photopin cc

Know where your local evacuation routes are located and where local storm shelters are. If you evacuate and have young children, make sure they carry identification and contact information. Have an out of state relative or close friend act as a contact person for everyone in the family in the event you get separated and can’t contact each other locally.

Make sure the needs of elderly friends and family will be taken care of. If necessary, register family members with special medical needs at the local shelter ahead of time. Don’t forget about the needs of your pets as well.

Cash

Make sure you have plenty of cold, hard cash on hand. Most likely the power will be down, which means many stores, gas stations, etc. won’t be taking debit or credit cards.

Food and Water

The American Red Cross suggests you keep at least three days’ worth of water and nonperishable food on hand. After my experience with Katrina in Mississippi I would err on the side of caution and suggest increasing your supply of food and water to at least a week. Nonperishable food will keep for some time, so if you don’t need it immediately it will get used eventually.

Supplies

Make sure you have flashlights, batteries, and a portable radio, preferably battery or wind up (self-powered). If you take medications, make sure you have at least a week’s worth on hand. Keep a well-stocked first aid kit on hand.

Gas up your car and fill up any spare gas containers you have. If you have a portable generator make sure you are familiar with its safe operation.

Prepare the Exterior

Bring inside anything that can be picked up by the wind. This includes lawn furniture, decorations, planters, and the like. If you have shade awnings and don’t want to see them turned into sails, fold them down securely or put them away as well.

photo credit: stockroomcontrol via photopin cc

If you pay attention to the veterans of hurricanes, you’ll notice they have pre-cut and labeled plywood pieces ready for quick window covering. Use ¾ inch exterior grade plywood, not OSB, at a minimum. It’s amazing what a projectile pushed by 100 mph winds can do to a house.

Powered Necessities

Make sure that anything that can hold a charge is fully powered. The first thing that comes to mind is likely your cell phone. But also make sure other devices are charged as well. This includes things you might not think of as important, such as a power drill or electric razor. Keep in mind that you can’t be over prepared.

Also important—turn your refrigerator and freezer down to the coldest settings and avoid opening them unless absolutely necessary to ensure that your food will last longer if the power does go out. And pack them full if possible. An empty freezer warms faster than one full of frozen items. If you have room, freeze water containers.

Power Down

Make sure you unplug your small appliances, computers, and other electronics. Turn off propane tanks. If you are evacuating and think your house faces a good chance of suffering damage, turn off the water and natural gas at your own discretion.

Stay Inside

If you are going to ride out the storm, stay inside. If the storm suddenly lets up and everything looks calm, don’t venture out. You are likely in the eye of the storm, and the dangerous winds will be returning soon. Even if you are not taking a direct hit from the storm, keep in mind that dangerous winds along with lightning and tornados can be present anywhere in the storm.

The Reality of Disaster Preparedness

This week I found myself on the receiving end of an inbound hurricane, a first for me. I have experienced minor earthquakes, tornados, wildfires, ice storms, blizzards, and a variety of strong storm systems before but this was the first time that I was on an island, with no where to go, waiting for a swirling mass of mother nature named Iselle to inflict her damage on us. (We were fortunate, the hurricane turned south and missed our island.) It is worth mentioning that because of technology, we knew that Iselle was on her way a full week ahead of her arrival. This gave me the opportunity to observe the chaos that ensued before the hurricane was even 2000 miles away.

photo credit: NASA Goddard Photo and Video via photopin cc

There was an obvious race by everyone on the island to secure items necessary to sustain life following the hurricane. It was so bad that radio and news stations were reporting the locations that still had items like water and generators. Most stores were limiting the quantity of specific items that could be purchased. The governor issued an emergency proclamation to prevent retailers from gouging prices on the sale of items but it didn’t prevent private citizens from selling cases of bottled water for upwards of $50 a case. It seemed to me that this situation was caused from two major factors; most people did not have what they needed on hand and most people also realized that we are on an island and there wasn’t any more inventory coming in with a storm on the way.

Some of the “hot” items that were being bought up faster than they could be put out on the shelves were:

  • Water
  • Ice
  • Shelf Stable Food
  • Bread
  • Flashlights
  • Batteries
  • Battery Operated Radios
  • Alcohol
  • Plywood
  • Tarps
  • Chainsaws
  • Generators
  • Fuel
  • Cookstoves

This is only a short portion of what would be a long list. To me, this would demonstrate the need to keep at least a minimal stock of these items in the event that there ever is a disaster. This is especially true with things happening recently like the Lake Erie algae bloom that caused over 400,000 residents in Toledo, Ohio to be left without any water to drink or cook with for a few days. You  would think that events like this would convince people that preppers may not be so “crazy” but that is not the case. Today’s newspaper already featured an article on the large number of items like generators that were being returned because they were not needed.

My family and I were fortunate in that we have taken the steps to ensure that we are not in crowd of people at the hardware or grocery store fighting over the last sheet of plywood or a loaf of bread but I think this made us the exception to the rule. Take it from someone who just lived through a close call, do what you need to do and get what you need to get NOW before you find yourself in a situation where danger is imminent and there are no supplies available to ensure your survival.

If a hurricane were headed your way, would you have everything you need to survive the aftermath?

What Would You Do?

There is a named storm, Arthur, bearing down on the east coast of the United States and a mandatory evacuation has been ordered for some areas while voluntary evacuations have been ordered for other areas. This is not ideal by any means, especially because it is forecasted to make land fall today which would make it the first hurricane to ever hit the United States on Independence Day. Facing a hurricane, or any disaster, reminds us that things happen around us all the time and it reiterates the necessity to prepare for such events constantly. These threats are real and show up on God’s time, not ours. It is not possible to predict such disasters on any type of long term calendar.

Hurrucane Ike, Picture Origin Unknown
Hurrucane Ike, Picture Origin Unknown

Let me put a twist on the situation…imagine that you are there visiting a resort in North Carolina’s Outer Banks on your summer vacation, right where Arthur is headed. It is not likely that you have brought along much in the way of survival or preparedness kits or items. You might not even have a car! Do you carry the bare minimum essentials to survive if you were caught in this situation? Do you have the knowledge to complete the survival tasks necessary in this situation?

It is a good mental exercise to participate in. What would you do if you found yourself in this situation? It is typically not practical to travel with a dedicated bug out bag which can be cumbersome, not to mention that the type of travel can greatly limit what you can have in your bag. The amount of space needed to carry the bare minimum essentials can easily fit into a small portion of the average suitcase.

There are 10 survival items that I would suggest that you consider carrying with you when you travel include:

  1. First Aid Kit
  2. High Quality Multi-Tool
  3. Flashlight
  4. Chemical Light Stick(s)
  5. Whistle
  6. Emergency Poncho
  7. Paracord (~50 Feet)
  8. Water Bottle (Lexan bottles like Nalgene are durable and can be used to pack other items into.)
  9. Way To Purify Water (Tablets, Straw Filter, Etc.)
  10. Duct Tape (~50 feet wrapped around an old gift card) and Zip Ties
  11. Mylar Survival Blanket
  12. Snack Foods (Jerky, Protein Bars, Nuts, Candy, Etc.)
  13. Lighter
  14. Bandana
  15. Sewing Kit

What would you add to this list?

I would also like to say happy Independence Day! It is my hope that everyone enjoys their day and stays safe while celebrating the freedoms that we enjoy. Don’t forget to keep your thoughts and prayers with those who are dealing with Arthur on the east coast and our military who are serving abroad so that we can have fun at home.

Today is the last day to take advantage of the 4th of July sale over at Black River Outpost. Don’t miss out on this great opportunity to save a ton of money on marked down items and FREE shipping on ALL orders!

There Shall Be Hurricanes

June 1, 2014 marks the official start of the six month long hurricane season in the United States. While there is hope that this year’s season will be below-average, there are never any guarantees when it comes to acts of God. A prudent person will ensure to have a plan in place to deal with all natural disasters, including hurricanes.

Photo Credit: NationalGeographic.com

The primary precaution that should be taken to be prepared for a possible hurricane is to have a basic survival kit. While preparations could fill an entire room, your kit could be a portable survival kit like the Survivor Pack that at a cost of less than $50 that will fit in a backpack, car trunk, or desk drawer easily. Your kit doesn’t have to be elaborate or big to be effective.

In addition to having a survival kit, make sure to follow through with a plan for evacuating that includes at least two or three different routes and a planned destination. When forced to evacuate, it is beneficial to have a stash of cash to pay for things in the event that the power is out. It also can’t hurt to know the location(s) of planned emergency shelters in the area and along your evacuation route(s) in the event that things don’t go as planned.

My hope is that the 2014 hurricane season will not be bad, but whether things go as planned or not. Who would pass over the opportunity to protect themselves and their loved ones for what would equate to less than a dollar a day?

Reinforcing The Need For Basic Preparedness

There are events that occur daily in our lives that reinforce the need to prep. Not all of these events are catastrophic and not even all of them are experiences that we witness first hand but, there are things that are constant reminders of why we should be prepared. Last week, my family and I got a not so subtle reminder of why basic preparedness is essential. A week ago, there were a number of devastating storms that caused tornadoes, torrential rainfall, and high winds throughout the Midwest United States. Our house happens to be situated in an area where we are susceptible to losing power as a result of high winds and murphy struck in a big way! We lost our power and were left in the dark for what we were told was going to be upwards of seven days! This is not what we had in mind as a way to spend our week. It was not going to be the end of the world though because we have a basic plan (as everyone should) to deal with such circumstances.

Here are some key components to a basic emergency plan…

#1 – A Blackout Kit: Don’t get stuck fumbling around in the dark. Keep at least one source of backup lighting (flashlight, lightstick, lantern, etc.) available in an accessible and convenient spot. It might not be a bad idea to have multiples strategically staged throughout the house. A light source is also a good item to keep on your keychain in the event you are not near your blackout kit when there is a loss of power.

#2 – A Basic Medical Kit: First aid is something that could be needed at any time. Stick a kit in the car, in your desk at work, and have one at the house. A commercially produced kit is a good start, especially if you are not comfortable with the idea of building your own kit but look at what your needs are and what the contents of the kit are. Many of these pre-made first aid kits are lacking in the quantity or quality of the supplies included as well as missing some of the advanced components that you might need.

#3 – A Plan To Deal With Food: Not only is it necessary to provide fuel to our bodies on a daily basis, but it is also beneficial to avoid losing money and food as a result of spoilage. To meet our needs and avoid this loss, develop a plan to deal with the perishable food that is left on hand following a disaster. Two of the easiest ways to accomplish this is by cooking food with a barbecue grill or over a fire. Both bbq’s and fire pits are common place and can provide not only the means to cook but also heat water as needed. If space is limited, disposable, single use grills can be purchased to fulfill this requirement.

#4 – A Way To Get Clean Water: Water is great. Clean water is better. Every emergency kit should have a way to filter and decontaminate water. Consider also keeping some clean water stored at home, in the car, and even at work if feasible to have access to in an emergency. In the event that clean water is not always available, have a plan to locate and clean dirty water. Plan on having enough, or being able to get enough, water to have one gallon per person, per day for drinking and cooking at a minimum. If the resources are available, add an additional gallon per person, per day for hygiene purposes.

#5 – Shelter – Sheltering in place at home is typically the most comfortable way to wait out a storm. This is not always feasible though and a plan should be in place to go somewhere else if it is required. Look for a family member, friend, or acquaintance that lives on the other side of town, a different city, or even another state if that is what it takes to get to safety. It is advisable to have a minimum of two routes to get to each destination in the event that one route is closed or obstructed.

#6 – Security: I am a gun guy and think that if you are comfortable with gun ownership, then this should be a vital part of any security plan. It is also not the only answer. High quality locks on doors and windows are a basic component of security and should be the priority. A nonlethal defensive option should be available like pepper spray. If a firearm is the only tool that is available, it could lead to having to make a tough decision that might be avoided with a nonlethal option.

#7 – Energy: A secondary source of power (generator, solar panels, wind turbine, etc.) is a great thing to have when the power goes out. Not only does this maintain some of the basic comforts that require power but it can also be a way to minimize the loss of refrigerated and frozen foods. Keep these two things in mind when it comes to backup energy sources: 1. When an entire area is without power or systems of support, a dwelling with power will stand out like a lighthouse for lack of a better term. This can lead to becoming a potential target if things are really bad. 2. An energy source, like a generator, that is powered by fuel will require fuel to be stored to power the generator for a reasonable period of time.

It can never be definitely predicted when a disaster will strike. Having a leg up on the recovery by not being caught helpless can be a game changer. I was reminded of the basic need for preparedness last week. What will the situation be for you if a disaster were to strike today?

Preparing For An Earthquake In Canada

Be Ready, Be Safe: Top Earthquake Preparedness Tips for Canadian Homeowners

In the run of a year, Canada experiences approximately 3,500 earthquakes. Unfortunately, earthquakes do not only damage property but take lives as well. Fortunately, there are some ways to prepare for such disasters. To help keep your home and family safe, here are tips for Canadian homeowners:

What to Do Before an Earthquake

1. Prepare an emergency kit.

To prepare for the worst, you should always have a disaster kit handy to deal with any situation. Your kit should include everything from water to copies of your health and identification cards. If you have any pets in the household, you should also prepare an emergency kit for them as well. Special consideration should also be given to the needs of family members with medical conditions or the elderly.

2. Come up with an emergency plan and practice it regularly.

To ensure that everyone knows what to do during an earthquake, it is essential that everyone in the household becomes familiar with safe spots and what to do if the worst should happen. Once you have a plan in place, practicing it regularly well help everyone (especially children) more effectively deal with a crisis. Ongoing practice of an emergency plan also makes the reaction to an emergency more of a natural response.

3. Secure your belongings.

To prepare for an earthquake, you should take the necessary steps to secure your belongings. For example, you should avoid placing heavy objects in high areas where they can fall down and cause injury. If you have pictures and mirrors on the wall, you should ensure that they are secured with strong hooks to prevent them from falling down as well. Appliances and large pieces of furniture should also be secured to avoid injury.

While securing your valuables, it is handy to take inventory as you go along. If you later need to make a claim, you will have the necessary details required for the process. Specialist companies like BrokerLink are ready to help you find insurance solutions for your particular needs.

Photo Credit: whoi.edu

What to Do During an Earthquake

1. Take cover.

Many valuable disaster resources, including the Pocket Guide to Emergencies, state for people to immediately drop, cover, and hold on as soon as the shaking starts. If you are near sturdy furniture such as tables, you should crawl under the piece and hold onto the legs. If you are not fortunate enough to be near sturdy furniture, you can press yourself along, or crouch down against, an interior wall. An interior doorway can also provide structural protection to occupants during an earthquake.

2. Stay away from glass objects and tall furniture.

During earthquakes, glass can easily shatter and furniture can fall over. To avoid injury, you should try to avoid staying near glass windows, furniture with glass panels, mirrors, bookshelves, and light fixtures.

What to Do After an Earthquake

1. Prepare for aftershocks.

After an earthquake, the area may be hit again by aftershocks (smaller earthquakes that follow large earthquakes). In some cases, the aftershocks may actually be larger than the actual earthquake, so it is very important that you still remain vigilant even after the initial disaster.

2. Evacuate your home if you feel that the structure is unsafe.

If your home’s integrity has been compromised or you suspect that there is gas leak, you should immediately evacuate the home.

3. Call 9-1-1.

Once you are able to, you should call 9-1-1 to report what happened and get the assistance you need. If you need assistance while in the home, you can place a “HELP” sign in your window to attract attention.

Experiencing an earthquake is sure to change the way you look at the world. Fortunately, by following these tips and being prepared, you can best protect your home and family.

About The Author

John Wilber is a retired weatherman and grandfather of seven. He now enjoys spending his time helping others be safer by posting his informative articles online.

 

6 Ways To Deal With Disaster – Guest Post

6 Appropriate Measures On How To Deal With Disaster Emergencies

by Michael

No matter how prepared we think we are for a disaster, we are never as fully prepared as we should be. Dealing with an emergency should help us to fine tune for the next time. Here are some ways to begin dealing with an unexpected turn of events and getting life back to normal.

By: Highways Agency

1. Emotional Toll

Emotional tolls when dealing with devastating events can often be even more traumatic than the loss of a home, school, or even a family member. We get lost in reliving events that are catastrophic in lieu of dealing with recovery. Things can be replaced. People can’t. Everyone who has been in a natural disaster of any kind has their own perspective of the situation. Sharing this perspective will help others to deal with their own feelings. Anger, frustration, grief and feelings of sadness are all a normal part of dealing with a catastrophic event.

2. Talk It Over

Decades ago it was unheard of to ever speak of the deceased. Today, we know that it’s important to talk about that person, their life and what they accomplished. Why? Because it helps us to process what happened and it helps us to deal with the emotional trauma of the situation. Talking out our feelings of loss whether it be a loved one, a friend or even a building, will help us to process the situation and better begin living life in a normal fashion again.

3. Working Together As A Community

We see it every day on commercials, a community working together as a community. Many go into foreign countries to help people help themselves. Just as these folks are doing, it’s important to work together as a community to rebuild and clean up after a storm or disaster. Work with neighbors to retrieve salvageable items. Work together to find safe drinking water.

4. Maintain A Normal Routine

Establishing and maintaining a normal routine are important keys for returning life to normal after a disaster strikes. The more normal you can make life the sooner your family will start the recovery process. Eat your meals at the same times as you always have. Prepare a comfortable sleeping area even if you are in emergency shelters. Maintain any family routines if at all possible in order to re-establish the normal balance of life.

5. Restock Supplies

Once the crisis is over, it’s important to remember to restock all supplies that were utilized during the situation. While restocking, one should also consider what may have been helpful to have had on hand prior to or during an emergency, but wasn’t and stock those items as well.

6. Avoid These Coping Mechanisms

Many turn to drugs, alcohol and other poor choices in behaivor in order to cope with a difficult situation. These choices only make the situation worse, take a toll on your body, waste money and give those around you even more to deal with. Avoid these behaviors at all costs. They aren’t helpful to anyone involved.

Following these measures will help to return the normal balance of your life and help others to restore their normal balance of life as well.

AUTHOR

Michael has been working in safety supplies and emergency kits industry for more than five years. As a product manager for EDisasterSystems, he knows his merchandise and all the requirements from OSHA. He likes to write and share his ideas about the importance of safety and emergency prevention.

Preparing For Hurricane Season

Whether we like it or not, hurricane season is upon us and there are several predictions that the 2013 season will be worse than average. When I think about it, it does not matter whether tropical storms actually convert into hurricanes or not, the potential for adverse effects is great. Even a tropical storm has the capability of causing significant property damage, flooding, loss of power and utilitities, and delays to everyday activities. So what does this mean for preparedness?

Photo Credit: Ready.gov

1. Have A Plan

Fortunately, technology has evolved to allow early warning of storm systems and their potential to cause catastrophic damage. Such technology has minimized the loss of life that occurs as a result of storms. This is only beneficial though when residents and those in the effected area heed the warnings they are given and evacuate before a storm hits. If an evacuation order is given, the prudent thing to do is leave the area but not without having a plan first! A plan should include:

  • The location where you will go if you must evacuate (hotel, friend or relatives house, shelter, etc.). Ideally, you should have a primary and secondary location. Wherever it is that you decide to go, it should be outside of the area of the evacuation order (I hope that part is kind of obvious).
  • Determine the route of travel. It is possible that a route could be congested or unusable as a result of the need to evacuate or storm system. Consider a route that is on major interstates/highways and one that is on lesser used roads. Another contingency could include having a route in each direction from the area that you will evacuate. Many hurricane prone communities will have designated evacuation routes that are typically the best option.
  • If you have pets, have a plan for them as well. Shelters will normally not allow the presence of pets except if necessary for a service capacity. It is also possible that the hotel you end up at does not allow pets and a friend or relative could have an allergy. Clear up any questions about these possibilities before it is too late.
  • Make a load out plan. The time that you have to evacuate could be extremely limited and as a result of this possibility you should make a plan that includes the items that you will take with you and how it will all be loaded into the vehicle(s) that you will take with you.

2. Keep Supplies On Hand

If the decision is made to evacuate, ensure that your property(home, business, etc.) is properly secured. Often times this involves boarding up doors and windows and sandbagging perimeters.

In the event that an evacuation order is given there will undoubtedly be a rush to purchase the necessary items to complete these tasks. The best way to put yourself in a position where you do not end up short of the necessary supplies to secure your property is to complete an accurate estimate of the materials needed, purchase them, and have the materials staged prior to actually needing them. Covering doors and windows is best completed through the use of purpose built storm shutters but the next best option is use of 1/2″ to 5/8″ marine-grade plywood, cut to fit the door or window, and secured using screws.

Some may say that spending time and money to gather materials is a waste. This is a determination that each individual must make. It seems reasonable to me that if you live in the Gulf Coast Region and Eastern Seaboard of the United States that having necessary materials on hand is just being prepared for the inevitable. In other regions it may not be as likely that a large storm will hit your area and such materials are not necessary. What I can tell you though is that the same materials that are used to secure a property for a tropical storm or hurricane can also be used to secure a property from a number of other situations up to, and including, the rising of the dead*.

If the decision is made to stay in place during a hurricane or tropical storm it is imperative to have the additional items necessary to sustain life in addition to those needed to save lives and safeguard property. Some of these items include:

  • Generator w/ Supply of Fuel
  • Food
  • Clean Water for Drinking and Hygiene
  • Weather Radio
  • Emergency Light Source
  • First Aid Kit
  • Whistle For Signaling
  • Sanitation and Hygiene Supplies

Other precautions that can be made to prevent or minimize damage include trimming back shrubs and bushes, removing dead trees, cleaning out gutters and downspouts, and clearing exterior areas of items that could become projectiles in high winds.

3. Other Considerations

Evacuating from an area or deciding to shelter in place can be made even more complicated when there are children, pets, or those with medical concerns involved. Keep in mind that children as well as pets may be made more comfortable in strange environments when they have a few of their favorite items to remind them of home. Make sure that these items get taken with you if at all possible. Children may also need to have additional changes of clothes as compared to older family members. When medical concerns are present, ensure that additional necessary items are taken with you to include medications, medical equipment, and important paperwork.

K-Light Lantern for All Seasons

*Please forgive me. I could not help myself and included the possibility of a zombie apocalypse.

Planning An Evacuation

If you get the chance, there is a great article about planning an evacuation on Personal Liberty Digest. I will confess that I am a bit biased in that I am the one that wrote the article! Never the less, there is some decent information that should be considered in the event that you find yourself in the position that you must evacuate a threatened area. By the way, you should think about an evacuation now…far before you may ever need to evacuate. While you are over there, take a look at the other content that is available. There are some great articles on a variety of different subjects that can be helpful with getting prepared.